Unix operating systems / BSD
Category: Popular distributions
Unix operating system - similar in design to Unix, but not derived directly or indirectly from BSD or System V. This means that the source code of the system was written from scratch or was taken from another non Unix system. Such system has a programming and user interface similar to the standards used by Unix systems or is based on POSIX standards. Originally, Unix was supposed to be a convenient platform for programmers creating software to run on it and other systems, and not for nonprogrammers. The system grew as the operating system began to spread in academic circles and users added their own tools and shared them with colleagues.

Initially, Unix was not designed as a portable device or for multi-tasking. Later on, Unix gradually gained portability, multitasking, and the ability of multiple users in a time-share configuration. Unix systems are characterized by different concepts: the use of plain text for data storage; a hierarchical file system; treating devices and certain types of IPC as files; and using a large number of software tools and small programs.

The Unix operating system consists of multiple libraries and utilities along with the main control program, the kernel. The kernel provides boot and stop services, supports the filesystem and other typical "low-level" tasks that are shared by most programs, and plans access to avoid conflicts when programs try to access the same resource or device simultaneously. To mediate such access, the kernel has special rights, reflected in the distinction between kernel and user space, the latter being the priority area where most programs work.
Quick Review:
Type of product:

OS (Operating system)

Developed by:

Debian Project

Type of interface:

GUI (graphical) or textually

⦁ Additional informations about files:
If you have trouble choosing the right version of the system to download, please refer to the markings below:

⦁ [Wielojęzykowy/Multilangual]: the system contains all the language packages, you can choose any one during installation.

⦁ x86 or 32-bit: The system is compatible with a 32-bit processor architecture. They do not support 64-bit architecture. They can use up to 4 GB of RAM.

⦁ x64 or 64-bit - System compatible with 64-bit processor architecture. Some systems (older than Vista/7) do not support 32-bit systems

⦁ x86-64- Multi-architecture edition of the program. You can choose it if you do not know what CPU architecture your computer has.

⦁ (alt): alternative system image to download, no different from the original, it is a copy/reupload

⦁ LiveCD: image of the lifeboat

⦁ PowerPC: a system image designed for processors contained in PowerPC computers, e.g: Macinthosh

⦁ File preview icon:
                      IMG- floppy disk image. You can use it in a virtual machine, or use a special program to extract files.

                  ISO/MDF- ready to burn to disk, create bootable media or use in a virtual machine. It can also be used in a program to emulate virtual drives and discs.

      7Z, ZIP, RAR- compressed archive. To access the file, use a program to compress the files, e.g: WinRAR, 7-ZIP- please use file archiver program to open it.

To quickly find the image, press [Ctrl+F] on your keyboard and enter the keyword in the search field. This will highlight the images that contain the entered keyword.